Peter Kropotkin

Russian Father of Anarcho-Communism

December 9, 1842 — February 8, 1921

Description : As anarchism's most important philosophers he was in great demand as a writer and contributed to the journals edited by Benjamin Tucker (Liberty), Albert Parsons (Alarm) and Johann Most (Freiheit). Tucker praised Kropotkin's publication as "the most scholarly anarchist journal in existence." (From : Spartacus Educational Bio)

Tags : anarchist, communist, anarcho-communist, russian, geographer, scientist, activist, writer.

Quotes :

"ANARCHISM, the name given to a principle or theory of life and conduct under which society is conceived without government - harmony in such a society being obtained, not by submission to law, or by obedience to any authority, but by free agreements concluded between the various groups, territorial and professional, freely constituted for the sake of production and consumption, as also for the satisfaction of the infinite variety of needs and aspirations of a civilized being." (From : "Anarchism," by Peter Kropotkin, from the Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910.)
"Which side will you take? For the law and against justice, or for justice and against the law?" (From : "An Appeal to the Young," by Peter Kropotkin, 1880.)
"The communes of the next revolution will proclaim and establish their independence by direct socialist revolutionary action, abolishing private property. When the revolutionary situation ripens, which may happen any day, and governments are swept away by the people, when the middle-class camp, which only exists by state protection, is thus thrown into disorder, the insurgent people will not wait until some new government decrees, in its marvelous wisdom, a few economic reforms." (From : "The Commune of Paris," by Peter Kropotkin, Freedom Pamphlets, no. 2.)
"To recognize all men as equal and to renounce government of man by man is another increase of individual liberty in a degree which no other form of association has ever admitted even as a dream." (From : "Communism and Anarchy," by Peter Kropotkin, 1901.)
"...all that is necessary for production-- the land, the mines, the highways, machinery, food, shelter, education, knowledge--all have been seized by the few in the course of that long story of robbery, enforced migration and wars, of ignorance and oppression..." (From : "The Conquest of Bread," by Peter Kropotkin, 1906.)
"...the strength of Anarchy lies precisely in that it understands all human faculties and all passions, and ignores none..." (From : "The Conquest of Bread," by Peter Kropotkin, 1906.)
"The fatherland does not exist.... What fatherland can the international banker and the rag-picker have in common?" (From : "The Conquest of Bread," by Peter Kropotkin, 1906.)
"As to parliamentary rule, and representative government altogether... It is becoming evident that it is merely stupid to elect a few men, and to entrust them with the task of making laws on all possible subjects, of which subject most of them are utterly ignorant." (From : "Process Under Socialism," by Peter Kropotkin, 1887.)
"...outside of anarchism there is no such thing as revolution." (From : "Revolutionary Government," by Peter Kropotkin, 1880.)
"...let us remember that if exasperation often drives men to revolt, it is always hope, the hope of victory, which makes revolutions." (From : "The Spirit of Revolution," by Peter Kropotkin, first appearing in Le Révolté in 1880.)

Biography :

Peter Kropotkin 1

Prince Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin (/kroʊˈpɒtkɪn, krə-/;[10] Russian: Пётр Алексе́евич Кропо́ткин; December 9, 1842 – February 8, 1921) was a Russian activist, scientist, and philosopher, who advocated anarchism. Kropotkin was a proponent of a decentralized communist society free from central government and based on voluntary associations of self-governing communities and worker-run enterprises. He wrote many books, pamphlets and articles, the most prominent being The Conquest of Bread and Fields, Factories and Workshops, and his principal scientific offering, Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution. He also contributed the article on anarchism to the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, and left unfinished a work on anarchist ethical philosophy.

From : Wikipedia.

Works :

Author of Anarchism (November 30, 1909)

Author of Anarchism: Its Philosophy and Ideal (November 30, 1897)

Author of Advice to Those About to Emigrate (February 28, 1893)

Author of The Conquest of Bread (November 30, 1905)

Author of An Appeal to the Young (June 10, 1880)

Author of Brain Work and Manual Work (February 28, 1890)

Author of The Coming War (November 30, 1912)

Author of The Commune of Paris (March 20, 1880)

Author of Communism and Anarchy (July 01, 1901)

Author of The Constitutional Agitation in Russia (December 31, 1904)

Author of The Direct Action of Environment and Evolution (December 31, 1918)

Author of Finland: A Rising Nationality (February 28, 1885)

Author of Anarchist Morality (November 30, 1897)

Author of Ethics: Origin and Development (November 30, 1923)

Author of Fields, Factories, and Workshops (November 30, 1897)

Author of The Great French Revolution, 1789-1793 (November 30, 1908)

Author of The Great French Revolution and its Lesson (November 30, 1888)

Author of Ideals and Realities in Russian Literature (November 30, 1914)

Author of In Russian and French Prisons (November 30, 1886)

Author of The Industrial Village of the Future (May 31, 1884)

Author of Law and Authority (November 30, 1885)

Author of The Manifesto of the Sixteen (November 30, 1915)

Author of Maxím Górky (December 15, 1904)

Author of Memoirs of a Revolutionist (November 30, 1898)

Author of Modern Science and Anarchism (November 30, 1902)

Author of Mutual Aid (January 01, 1970)

Author of On Order (January 01, 1970)

Author of On the Teaching of Physiography (September 30, 1893)

Author of Organized Vengeance Called "Justice" (January 01, 1970)

Author of The Place of Anarchism in Socialistic Evolution (November 30, 1883)

Author of The Present Crisis in Russia (April 30, 1901)

Author of Process Under Socialism (November 30, 1886)

Author of Proposed Communist Settlement: A New Colony for Tyneside or Wearside (January 01, 1970)

Author of Revolutionary Government (November 30, 1891)

Author of Revolutionary Studies (November 30, 1891)

Author of Russian Schools and the Holy Synod (March 31, 1902)

Author of The Scientific Basis of Anarchy (January 31, 1887)

Author of Some of the Resources of Canada (February 28, 1898)

Author of The Spirit of Revolt (November 30, 1879)

Author of The State: Its Historic Role (November 30, 1886)

Author of The Terror in Russia (November 30, 1908)

Author of The Wage System (November 30, 1919)

Author of War! (November 30, 1913)

Author of Wars and Capitalism (November 30, 1913)

Author of What Geography Ought To Be (November 30, 1884)

Author of Words of a Rebel (November 30, 1884)

Author of Anarchist Communism: Its Basis and Principles (November 30, 1926)

Author of Kropotkin to Nettlau, March 5, 1902 (March 05, 1902)

Author of Kropotkin to Alexander Berkman, November 20, 1908, re: Blast (November 20, 1908)

Author of Letter to Steffen on World War 1, published in Freedom in 1914 (November 30, 1913)

Author of Kropotkin to Lenin December 21, 1920 (January 01, 1970)

Author of Kropotkin to Lenin March 4, 1920 (March 04, 1920)

Author of The Russian Revolution and the Soviet Government (April 28, 1919)

Author of The Permanence of Society After the Revolution (October 01, 1890)

Author of Practical Questions (July 01, 1887)

Author of The Use of the Strike (April 01, 1890)

Author of The Action of the Masses and the Individual (November 30, 1889)

Author of Are We Good Enough? (June 01, 1888)

Author of The Effects of Persecution (May 04, 1895)

Author of Peter Kropotkin’s Last Letter (April 30, 1921)

Author of Prisons: Universities of Crime (September 30, 1913)

Author of Syndicalism and Anarchism (November 30, 1907)

Author of Anarchism and Revolution (January 01, 1970)

Author of Anti-War Manifesto of the Anarchist International (February 15, 1915)

Author of Declaration to the Tribunal of Lyons by the Accused Anarchists (November 30, 1882)

Author of The Collapse of Counter-Revolutionary Socialism (September 29, 1890)

Author of Act For Yourselves (December 31, 1886)

Author of Anarchists and Unions (January 01, 1970)

Author of The Crisis of Socialism (November 30, 1894)

Author of A Debate on the Mexican Revolution in Temps Nouveaux (November 30, 1911)

Author of A Meeting Between V.I. Lenin and P. A. Kropotkin (November 30, 1916)

Author of The New Era (November 30, 1895)

Author of What a Strike is (September 07, 1889)

Author of Workers' Organization (December 10, 1881)

Author of The Fortress Prison Of St. Petersburg (January 01, 1970)

Author of The Coming Anarchy (July 31, 1887)

Chronology :

December 09, 1842 : Peter Kropotkin's Birth Day.
February 08, 1921 : Peter Kropotkin's Death Day.
November 15, 2016 : Peter Kropotkin's Added.
January 09, 2022 : Peter Kropotkin's Updated.

Links :

Anarchy Archives: Peter Kropotkin Archive
Anarchist Library: Pëtr Kropotkin
Wikipedia: Peter Kropotkin

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